How is breast cancer treated and what are its risk factors? – GoMedia


When a person comes to know about cancer, it is as if the ground beneath his feet slips and many negative thoughts start coming in his mind at the same time. Most of the cancer patients are mentally and emotionally disturbed not only during the treatment but also afterwards. Although there are many different types of cancer in the body, but here we are talking about breast cancer which is more common in women.

In this situation, some people have to consult a psychologist as well. It is usually defined by the “C” word, a word that is a cause for concern for all. Breast cancer is a big problem for women. The mortality rate is increasing due to late detection of breast cancer cases.

Two types of surgery used to treat breast cancer are mastectomy and lumpectomy. Additional surgeries for breast cancer may include lymph node dissection (lymphadenectomy) and breast reconstruction surgery.

mastectomy

Mastectomy, or breast removal surgery, is the most common surgery for breast cancer. This is because mastectomy treats both late stage and early stage breast cancer. In addition, some people at high risk of developing breast cancer in the future choose prophylactic mastectomy as a preventive measure.

  • total mastectomy
  • double mastectomy
  • skin-sparing or nipple-sparing mastectomy
  • modified radical mastectomy
  • radical mastectomy

lumpectomy

Lumpectomy, also called breast-conserving surgery, removes only part of your breast tissue. It is an alternative option for the treatment of early stage breast cancer. When the tumor is small and has not spread to other parts, doctors may perform surgery to remove only the tumor. Lumpectomy A margin of surrounding tissue is also removed.

Your breast cancer surgery will be tailored to your individual needs based on your discussions with your health care team. This involves removing part of your breast, your entire breast, or both. This may include a sentinel lymph node biopsy.

if you breast reconstruction If opted for, your surgeon can begin or complete your reconstruction during the same surgery. This may include additional sores in your body. For example, if your surgeon needs to take tissue from another place on your body for your breast reconstruction. Alternatively, you may choose to delay breast reconstruction until after you have completed your cancer treatment.

What are the risks of breast cancer?

The main causes of breast cancer or any type of cancer are not yet known. However, the following are some of the reasons that may be responsible for breast cancer:

  How to reduce the risk of prostate cancer? Include these 6 healthy foods in your diet

  • Age: Most cases of breast cancer are seen in women above 55.
  • gender: Most breast cancer occurs in women. Although it can happen to men too, breast cancer is rare in men. The incidence of this cancer is very high among women globally.
  • Genetic predisposition: Mutations in genes called BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase your risk of breast cancer.
  • Beginning of Menstruation: Women who start menstruating before the age of 12 are more likely to develop breast cancer.
  • Motherhood at an older age: Having your first child after age 35 can also be a risk factor for breast cancer.
  • Hormone therapy: Estrogen and progesterone medications taken after menopause may also increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Delayed Menopause: Having menopause before the age of 55 may also increase the risk of breast cancer.

Apart from these, there are many other reasons which can be responsible for breast cancer. Such as family history, poor lifestyle, unbalanced diet and excessive alcohol consumption etc.

types of breast cancer

Invasive ductal carcinoma: Cancer cells grow outside the milk ducts in other parts of the breast tissue. Aggressive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.

Invasive Lobular Carcinoma: Cancer cells have spread from the lobules to the surrounding breast tissue. These aggressive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.

How many stages are there in breast cancer?

As already mentioned, there are different stages of this cancer. The stages are divided based on the size of the tumor and how far it has spread.

  • Stage 0: In this stage, cancer cells have not spread outside the breast duct. Even the rest of the breast does not reach.
  • Stage 1: In this stage, the tumor is not more than 2 cm wide and the lymph nodes are also not affected. But cancer cells start increasing in size which starts affecting the healthy cells. However, their size varies between 0.2 mm to 2 mm. In some cases, their size may exceed 2 mm.
  • Stage 2: In this stage, breast cancer starts spreading beyond its size to other parts. In such a situation, it may also happen that it has spread to other parts.
  • Stage 3: This stage of breast cancer becomes serious. In this stage, cancer starts spreading to the bones or other organs. Apart from this, it can also spread to 9 to 10 lymph nodes under the arms and a small part of the collar bone.
  • Stage 4: In this stage, the tumor can be of any size and cancer cells can spread to any part of the body like liver, bone, kidney and brain.
  Sudden weight loss: 10 reasons you are shedding too much weight unexpectedly

How is breast cancer screened?

There are several tests your doctor can do to diagnose breast cancer. We are telling you some types of tests below. Out of these, your doctor may recommend any of these tests.

  • Mammogram: This is an imaging test. Women over the age of 40 who have a genetic predisposition to breast cancer may be advised to have a mammogram.
  • Ultrasound: This imaging test makes it very easy for your doctor to determine if there is breast cancer.
  • Biopsy: If the mammogram or ultrasound doesn’t rule out breast cancer, your doctor may suggest a biopsy. In this test, tissue samples from a suspicious area are sent to a laboratory to be tested for breast cancer. These samples can be collected with a needle or through an incision.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Initially, breast cancer may be asymptomatic. The symptoms of breast cancer also depend on the type of breast cancer. However, the most common symptom of this cancer is a lump. But keep in mind that not every lump is cancer. Here we are giving some symptoms of breast cancer:

  • nipple redness
  • bloody discharge from the nipple
  • change in breast size
  • lump or swelling in the underarms
  • A feeling of a hard ‘lump’ in the breast, these lumps are usually painless.

However, these symptoms can be of any other disease other than breast cancer. Therefore, on seeing such symptoms, immediately go to the doctor and get the necessary tests done.

What are the advantages of breast cancer surgery?

The main aim of breast cancer surgery is to remove the cancer, which is life-threatening if left untreated. breast cancer risk surgery far outweigh the risks associated with

Best hospital for breast cancer treatment

if you breast cancer treatment You can get your treatment done at any of the following hospitals listed by us:

Best Hospitals in Delhi for Breast Cancer Treatment

  • BLK-Max Super Specialty Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, Delhi
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar, Delhi
  • Fortis Heart Hospital, Okhla, Delhi
  • Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, Delhi
  Where to get treatment for oral cancer in Uttar Pradesh, know the treatment options? - GoMedii

Best Hospitals In Gurugram For Breast Cancer Treatment

  • Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram
  • Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram
  • Fortis Healthcare Limited, Gurugram
  • Paras Hospital, Gurugram

Best Hospitals For Breast Cancer Treatment in Greater Noida

  • Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida
  • Yatharth Hospital, Greater Noida
  • Baksan Hospital, Greater Noida
  • JR Hospital, Greater Noida
  • Prakash Hospital, Greater Noida
  • Divya Hospital, Greater Noida
  • Shanti Hospital, Greater Noida

Best Hospitals in Meerut for breast cancer treatment

  • Subharti Hospital, Meerut
  • Anand Hospital, Meerut

Best Hospitals in Hapur for Breast Cancer Treatment

  • Sharda Hospital, Hapur
  • GS Hospital, Hapur
  • Baksan Hospital, Hapur
  • JR Hospital, Hapur
  • Prakash Hospital, Hapur

Best Hospitals in Kolkata for Breast Cancer Treatment

  • Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Science, Mukundpur, Kolkata

Best Hospitals in Bangalore for breast cancer treatment

  • Fortis Hospital, Bannergatta Road, Bangalore
  • Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore

breast cancer treatment best hospitals in mumbai for

  • Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Vile Parle West, Mumbai
  • Lilavati Hospital & Research Centre, Bandra, Mumbai

for breast cancer treatment in hyderabad best hospital

  • Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Lakdi Ka Pool, Hyderabad

Best Hospitals For Breast Cancer Treatment In Chennai

  • Apollo Proton Cancer Center, Chennai

breast cancer treatment best hospital in ahmedabad for

  • Care Institute of Medical Sciences, Sola, Ahmedabad

If you want to get treatment in any of these hospitals, then contact us. Whatsapp (+91 9654030724 And +91 9599004811, You can contact on

if you blood cancer treatment If you want to get it done, or want to get treatment for any problem related to it, or want to ask any question, then Click here, besides you By downloading our app from play store, you can consult doctor directly., You …. Us Whatsapp (+91 9654030724 and +91 9599004811, You can also contact on Apart from this, you can also email us at [email protected] regarding our services. Our team will contact you as soon as possible.

Doctor Consultation Free of Cost =

Disclaimer: GoMedii is a digital healthcare platform that integrates all healthcare needs and facilities. GoMedii provides health news, health tips and all health related information to its readers through blogs which are verified by health experts and doctors. All information and facts published in GoMedii Blog are thoroughly checked and verified by doctors and health experts, thus verifying the source of the information.




Source link

Leave a Comment