Cervical Cancer: Symptoms to Treatment, All About The Significant Health Concern in Women


Cervical cancer can affect women of all ages; It is more common in people over 30 years of age. It is highly preventable and often treatable if caught early.

Cervical cancer: symptoms and treatment, everything about the important health problem in women

Throughout our lives, taking care of our health is essential. From maintaining a balanced diet and exercising regularly to attending routine checkups, these steps help us stay well. An important aspect of women’s health has to do with the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. While many women may not experience any problems, a preventable cancer called cervical cancer can develop in the cervix. Although it can affect women of all ages, it is more common in people over 30 years of age. Cervical cancer is highly preventable and often treatable when caught early.

What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cervix. Although it can affect women of all ages, it is more common in people over 30 years of age. The positive aspect is that cervical cancer is largely preventable and generally curable if caught early. The main cause of cervical cancer is a persistent infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), a very common virus that is transmitted through sexual contact. While most HPV infections clear up on their own, certain strains can persist and cause abnormal cell growth in the cervix. These abnormal cells, if left undetected, can develop into cancer over time.
Cervical cancer rarely shows symptoms in its early stages. For this reason, regular exams are crucial for early detection. Common screening methods include Pap tests and HPV tests. These tests can identify precancerous changes in the cervix, allowing treatment before cancer develops. Let’s delve into understanding this cancer, its causes and the best ways to protect ourselves.

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Symptoms of cervical cancer

At first, cervical cancer may not present any symptoms, but as it worsens, certain signs may appear. These signs include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse.
  • Abnormal postmenopausal vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Unusual vaginal discharge

Pain in the lower back or pelvis certain factors can increase your risk of developing cervical cancer, including:

  • Of smoking
  • Weakened immune system due to HIV or other conditions.
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Early age of first sexual intercourse.
  • Family history of cervical cancer.

Prevention and treatment

According to Dr. Sangram Keshari Panda, Surgical Oncology, HCG Panda Cancer Hospital, Telengapentha, Cuttack, “The two main strategies to prevent cervical cancer are vaccination and regular screening”:

  • Vaccination: The HPV vaccine is very effective in preventing infection with the strains of HPV most associated with cervical cancer. It is recommended for girls and boys from 9 years old and can be administered up to 26 years old.
  • Screening: Regular Pap or HPV testing is crucial for early detection. The recommended screening frequency may vary depending on your age and risk factors.

He added: “Cervical cancer treatment depends on the stage and extent of the cancer. It may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. “Early detection significantly improves treatment success rates and often allows for less invasive treatments.”

Tips for early detection

  • Schedule regular Pap smears or HPV tests as recommended by your doctor.
  • Be aware of possible symptoms and discuss any unusual changes with your doctor.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle by not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and eating a balanced diet.
  • Get vaccinated against HPV.
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It is important to remember that cervical cancer can be largely prevented by taking simple steps, such as getting vaccinated and getting regular screenings. By actively taking care of your health and learning about preventative measures, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing this cancer. Regular screening also helps detect cancer in its early stages, allowing for quick treatment if necessary. Taking these proactive steps helps you prioritize your health and protect yourself from cervical cancer.



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