Doctor’s Tips: Benefits of Knee Replacement

Surgery to treat knee problems and the pain they cause is called knee replacement or knee arthroplasty. Arthroplasty means “joint surgery” (knee replacement surgery), therefore, knee replacement surgery is surgery of the knee joint. During a knee replacement, the damaged joint is replaced with an artificial metal joint.


What is knee surgery? – What is knee replacement in hindi?



Knee replacement is a very common surgical procedure, performed not only on older people but also on those who have suffered a knee injury or suffered from knee problems due to an accident and have difficulty walking . Here are the events that may lead a person to undergo knee replacement surgery:



Osteopathy or Osteoarthritis:


Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis characterized by swelling of the knee joints. Risks of arthritis in your 20s or 30s children The situation is similar in the United States, as it is more likely to occur in someone 50 years or older. Joint swelling or pain is a common condition among people with osteoarthritis. Although, arthroplasty A knee arthroplasty or replacement should only be performed when the swollen knee significantly impairs the person’s quality of life.



Rheumatoid arthritis:


Rheumatoid arthritis is not just an autoimmune disease (it is a disease in which the body’s immune system In good health attacks cells), but it is systemic (systemic, entire Body Affecting ) is also. This disorder also causes swelling and pain in the joints. If left untreated, this disorder bone, can cause damage to cartilage and joint tissues, which is very difficult to treat. Doctors recommend surgery only when medications do not produce the expected results.



Knee deformity:


This is a condition in which the knees begin to swell and become clearly visible. In this case, your doctor may advise you to undergo surgery.





Inactivity or difficulty walking due to knee joint pain, including inability to perform daily tasks, Worry Maybe the reason. In such a situation, knee replacement surgery can be performed.



Preparation Before Knee Replacement – ​​Preparing for Knee Surgery



To prepare for surgery, you should keep the following in mind and follow all advice from your doctor:


  • Tests before surgery


  • Anesthesia tests before surgery


  • Surgery planning


  • General advice before surgery


  • Medications prescribed before surgery
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  • below stomach Tests to do (Gutnoasting Before Surgery)





How is knee surgery carried out? , knees How did the operation go?



An IV line in your Hand Or attached to the arm. General anesthesia is given to make you lose consciousness. A urinary catheter is placed inside the body to drain urine.


There are two types of replacement processes:-


  • Total knee replacement


  • Partial knee replacement



1. Total knee replacement:


  • The total knee replacement procedure can take 1 to 3 hours. To reposition the knee, an incision is made in the knee so that the knee joint remains stationary throughout the surgical procedure. Sufficient Can be seen clearly. The incision provides access to the tibia and femur. The inner surfaces of the knee are shaped to hold the artificial joints placed during surgery. The artificial body part is then attached to the end of the femur. Next, synthetic cement is used to hold the denture in place.


  • When the prosthesis is placed on the bone, a mark forms on the corresponding surface of the calf bone. Plastic A spacer (plastic spacer) is placed. The plastic spacer acts as a shock absorber. After that, the surgeon bends the knee to 110 degrees. after that, skin is sutured (sewn) where it was sewn.



2. Partial knee replacement:


  • Partial Knee Replacement – ​​Also known as unilateral knee replacement and unicondiler knee replacement. The lowest piercing or incision in the body is done to replace the damaged knee joint. For the surgeon to operate on the knee joint, smaller incisions are made than for a total knee replacement. The damaged part of the knee joint is surgically removed. A prosthetic limb is placed in its place. The surgeon ensures that the prostheses are properly made before the end of the surgical procedure.


  • A metal ball joint is placed on the affected part of the knee. to hold it in place bone It is filled with bone cement. Then the incision is stitched up (stitches are placed). Ideally, you are asked to undergo a partial knee replacement. If the arthritis has only affected part of the knee and the movement of the knee is still good, the ligaments are stable and if you are old or your body is not as active.
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What to do and what not to do after surgery



postoperative Health To ensure you get quick profits, you will need to keep the following things in mind:-


  • Every time you sleep, make sure you sleep upright.


  • Avoid driving for at least 6 to 8 weeks after reduction surgery.


  • Do not force your knees.


  • After the operation, keep it clean until the wound heals, so that it does not contain any infections.


  • During recovery, be sure not to run, jump, or do any other work that puts pressure on your knee. This can cause injury and take longer to recover from.


  • Do not climb stairs after surgery.


  • Do not work in a prolonged sitting position, otherwise it may cause knee cramps.


  • Use ice packs, this will prevent swelling and itching.


  • Regular exercise.


  • Use CPM as prescribed by your doctor, as this will help you achieve maximum range of motion.


  • Problems after knee surgery can be avoided with proper nutrition. physiotherapy Exercise Do it and stay active instead of resting all the time. Ideally, these replacements will last the next 15 to 20 years.




Precautions After Knee Replacement – ​​Precautions After Knee Surgery



Returning to normal function after knee replacement surgery can take up to 6 weeks. However, the pain and swelling may take 3 to 6 months to disappear. It may take up to a year to fully recover. Although recovery The timing also depends on the patient’s physical condition and postoperative care. So follow the instructions given by the doctor.

Knee replacement complications

This is a surgical procedure that can improve your life. But like any other surgical procedure, there are many risks to consider. Some of these risks are noted below:



Deep vein thrombosis

In simple words, a deep vein Thrombosis Refers to the formation of blood clots in the deep veins (mainly the legs). There can be several reasons for blood clotting. Antigens and also fats in the blood blood Have the ability to form clots.



Fluid buildup

This is not a very serious problem. Fluid can form behind the knee and can also be easily drained.




The patient may feel stiffness in the knees, which is completely normal after knee surgery. The patient cannot bend or twist the knees backward. This problem can be reduced with the help of a physiotherapist. Normal knee range of motion can also be achieved through exercises.

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Infection is not common nor a risk to be taken lightly. If an infection develops in the knee joint after surgery, it can be extremely painful. There is a risk of infection for a few weeks after surgery and at this time medications and antibiotics are taken to prevent it.



replacement knee noise

implant It is common to hear a slight noise coming from the implant. Since implants are made of plastic and metal, it is normal and not a concern to make noise when you move your knee or perform certain activities.



Damage to blood vessels

There is a slight risk of injury to the nerves or blood vessels behind the knees during surgery.



Nerve injury

In rare cases, it is possible that a nerve adjacent to the knee joint (which is being operated on) may be accidentally damaged during surgery. It can also impair nerve function (depending on the damage). If the damage is serious, consult a neurologist.




Dislocation (displacement) of newly installed joints may also occur, which can be corrected with surgery.




injuries and near the knees skin It is important to fill it out correctly. If healing does not occur as expected, a skin graft (skin transplant) may be necessary.




Implants are made from metals (such as titanium and alloys of other metals). Many people are protected from certain goods and metals. Allergies it happens. The doctor must be informed.



Bone fracture

There is a high risk of fractures and damage to surrounding bones during the procedure due to surgical instruments and accidental damage.



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