Liver is an important part of our body which is located in the upper right part of the abdomen and below the diaphragm. The liver controls most of the chemical elements present in the blood. Apart from this, the liver helps in removing the toxic elements from our body. The liver plays a major role in digesting vitamins and other nutrients such as fats and in the formation of bile. The liver helps the body fight infections and digest fats. Apart from this, the liver helps a lot in storing carbohydrates. So if the liver remains healthy and works properly then we remain healthy.
What are the causes of liver cancer?
Long-term hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections are associated with liver cancer because they often lead to cirrhosis. Hepatitis B can cause liver cancer without cirrhosis.
excessive alcohol consumption
Obesity and diabetes are linked to a type of liver abnormality called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can increase the risk of liver cancer, especially in people who drink heavily or have a viral infection. Hepatitis
and some inherited metabolic diseases.
Hospital for the treatment of liver cancer
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Best Hospitals in Delhi for Liver Cancer Treatment
- BLK-Max Super Specialty Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, Delhi
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar, Delhi
- Fortis Heart Hospital, Okhla, Delhi
- Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, Delhi
Best Hospitals in Gurugram for Liver Cancer Treatment
- Narayan Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram
- Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram
- Fortis Healthcare Limited, Gurugram
- Paras Hospital, Gurugram
Best Hospitals in Greater Noida for Liver Cancer Treatment
- Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida
- Reality Hospital, Greater Noida
- Baksan Hospital, Greater Noida
- JR Hospital, Greater Noida
- Prakash Hospital, Greater Noida
- Divya Hospital, Greater Noida
- Shanti Hospital, Greater Noida
Best Hospitals in Meerut for Liver Cancer Treatment
- Subharti Hospital, Meerut
- Anand Hospital, Meerut
Best Hospitals in Hapur for Liver Cancer Treatment
- Sharda Hospital, Hapur
- GS Hospital, Hapur
- Baksan Hospital, Hapur
- JR Hospital, Hapur
- Prakash Hospital, Hapur
best hospitals in kolkata for liver cancer treatment
- Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Science, Mukundapur, Kolkata
best hospitals in bangalore for liver cancer treatment
- Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore
- Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore
best hospitals in mumbai for liver cancer treatment
- Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Vile Parle West, Mumbai
- Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, Bandra, Mumbai
of Hyderabad for the treatment of liver cancer best hospital
- Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Wooden Pool, Hyderabad
best hospitals in chennai for liver cancer treatment
- Apollo Proton Cancer Centre, Chennai
liver cancer treatment best hospitals in ahmedabad for
- Care Institute of Medical Sciences, Sola, Ahmedabad
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What is liver cancer?
By the way, people in their 40s are more likely to get liver cancer than younger people. Liver cancer is sometimes called liver cancer. Liver cancer starts in the cells of our liver and spreads slowly.
When cancer cells spread from the liver to nearby cells and other organs where they interfere with other liver activities, liver cancer can become malignant and this stage is called metastasis.
Actually, in the beginning there are no specific symptoms of liver cancer, but as the liver cancer starts growing, its symptoms start to be felt. In most cases of liver cancer, the root cause is not known. In some cases, hepatitis infection may be the main cause.
How is liver cancer treated?
There are many options available for the treatment of liver cancer. Your doctor will recommend treatment according to the patient’s health for treatment:
The number, size and location of tumors in your liver?
How well is your liver working?
Is cirrhosis present or not?
Has the cancer spread to other organs?
Generally liver cancer can be treated in the following 5 ways:
- Surgery: Liver cancer can be treated with surgery. In this procedure, the cancerous part is removed. If a small tumor has formed in the patient’s liver, then it can be treated with surgery.
- liver transplantIn the transplant procedure, the cancerous liver is removed and replaced with a healthy liver. But liver transplant treatment is possible only if the cancer has not spread to any other organ.
- Ablation: In this procedure, the patient is sedated and injections are given to destroy the cancer cells. This procedure is more beneficial for patients who cannot have surgery or liver transplant.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses energized radiation to the heart, in an attempt to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy can have more side effects, which can lead to skin problems and vomiting.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is also used to destroy cancer cells. It is given through medicines. Chemotherapy is a very effective treatment for liver cancer. But due to its medicines, the patient may have to face problems like vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, chills, body ache and increase in body heat.
Liver cancer diagnosis Liver cancer diagnosis
To diagnose liver cancer, your doctor will ask you about your medical history and perform a physical exam. If you drink alcohol or have had a hepatitis B or C infection in the past? So definitely tell the doctor about this. Liver cancer diagnosis tests and procedures include the following tests:
- Liver function test: This test helps your doctor find out the levels of proteins, liver enzymes, and bilirubin in your blood.
- Alpha-fetal protein test: The presence of alpha-fetal protein in your blood can be a sign of liver cancer. This protein is usually produced in the liver and yolk sac of the developing foetus. Production of alpha-fetal protein usually stops after birth.
- Imaging tests: Ultrasound, CT scan or MRI scan tests provide a clear picture of the liver and other organs in your abdomen. These pictures help your doctor find out where the tumor is growing, its size, and whether the cancer has spread to other organs.
- Liver biopsy: If liver function tests, alpha-fetal protein tests, and imaging tests do not determine the exact cause of liver cancer, your doctor may perform a liver biopsy. In a liver biopsy, the doctor removes and examines a small piece of liver tissue. Often, prior to performing a liver biopsy, the patient is given local anesthesia, which does not cause pain to the patient.
What are the symptoms of liver cancer?
Most patients do not notice any specific symptoms in the early stages of liver cancer. But as the condition of liver cancer starts getting worse over time, its symptoms start to be felt. Following are the major symptoms of liver cancer:
- upper abdominal pain
- having white stools
- loss of appetite
- vomiting or nausea
- weakness and fatigue
- Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and whites of the skin)
- abdominal bloating
- swollen feet
- pain around right shoulder
How many types of liver cancer are there?
Although there are many types of liver cancer, there are mainly two types of liver cancer. First primary liver cancer and second secondary liver cancer.
primary liver cancer
In primary liver cancer, cancer cells begin to grow in the liver and spread to other tissues and organs. There are also several types of primary liver cancer which are as follows:
Hepatocellular carcinoma: Usually 75% of liver cancers are based on hepatocellular carcinoma. It is caused by an infection related to hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
- Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma: This is a rare type of liver cancer that usually occurs as a result of medical treatment.
- Cholangiocarcinoma: This type of liver cancer can occur in the bile duct of the liver. Liver cancer usually occurs in 10 to 20% of patients.
- Angiosarcoma: It begins in the blood vessels in the liver and grows rapidly. Angiosarcoma usually accounts for 1% of liver cancer cases.
Secondary liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer
In secondary liver cancer, cancer cells begin to grow in other organs and affect the liver by spreading to the liver, it is also called metastatic liver cancer.
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