Study Reveals How Osteoarthritis is Increasing Everyday And is Now a Global Health Concern

Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease of the joints that causes pain, disability and dysfunction. It has been one of the major public health concerns worldwide for the past few years. Osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, but many adolescents, young people in their 20s and 30s, are experiencing this health condition.Also read – Studies have shown that the bark of the neem tree can help treat and speed up coronavirus

The analysis was published in the American College of Rheumatology’s official journal, Arthritis and Rheumatology, based on global data from 1990 to 2019. Also read – Understand how obesity can affect your bone and joint health

The data was collected as part of the Global Burden of Disease study, an ongoing effort by a consortium of more than 7,000 researchers in more than 156 countries and territories seeking to provide reliable and up-to-date global, regional and national results. Related to the burden of premature death and disability from over 350 diseases and injuries.
Investigators found that globally, prevalent cases of osteoarthritis increased by 113.25 percent from 247.51 million in 1990 to 527.81 million in 2019. Also read – Do you use your phone before bedtime? Studies show that they can cause harm

The team also assessed age-standard prevalence rates (ASRs), or rates that the population has if there is a standard age structure. The ASR of osteoarthritis was 6173.38 per 100,000 people in 1990 and 6348.25 per 100,000 people in 2019, with an average annual increase of 0.12%.

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The ASR of osteoarthritis for the knee, hip, and other joints increased, but decreased with a change in the estimated annual percentages of 0.32, 0.28, 0.18, and -0.36 for the hands, respectively.

The prevalence of osteoarthritis increased with age and was higher in women than men; However, there were geographical differences. The incidence of osteoarthritis is higher in countries with high development status.

Osteoarthritis of the knee contributed the most to the overall burden, while osteoporosis of the hip had the highest estimated annual percentage increase in most regions.

“The burden of osteoarthritis is terrible. Due to population expansion, aging and the epidemic of obesity, we expect this burden to increase in the near future, “said Jianhao Lin, MD, co-author of Peking University People’s Hospital in China.

“Primary and secondary prevention, including avoiding overweight or obesity, preventing knee injuries, and avoiding heavy repetitive joint-loading activities, are effective measures to reduce the burden. In addition, exercise therapy can delay functional loss and is recommended as the main treatment for knee osteoarthritis. Should do. “

(With ANI inputs)


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